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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services


Meghann Lloyd

Associate Professor

Research Associate, Grandview Children's Centre

Faculty of Health Sciences

Contact information

U5 Building - Room 21
North Oshawa
2000 Simcoe Street North
Oshawa, ON L1G 0C5

905.721.8668 ext. 5308

Research topics

  • Adapted Physical Activity
  • Motor Development
  • Children with Disabilities
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Health of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities
  • Special Olympics

Research and expertise

  • Background and interests

    Dr. Meghann Lloyd's research takes a multidisciplinary approach to investigating physical activity and motor development of infants and young children with and without disabilities. At Acadia University and the University of Michigan, she studied physical activity, motor development and physical education inclusion strategies for children with autism spectrum disorders. At McGill University, she researched self-regulation strategies for boys between the ages of 10 and 12 with and without developmental co-ordination disorder. Her doctoral dissertation investigated patterns of physical activity in preschool age children with and without Down syndrome and the relationship between physical activity and fundamental motor skills in these populations. At the Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group (HALO) her work was funded by Canadian Institutes of Health Research and focused on developing a comprehensive assessment tool of physical literacy.

    Watch Dr. Meghann Lloyd's Research Byte video.

  • Education
    • Bachelor of Kinesiology (Honours), Acadia University in Wolfville, Nova Scotia
    • Master of Arts, McGill University in Montreal, Québec
    • PhD, University of Michigan
  • Courses taught
    • Human Growth and Motor Development
    • Motor Behaviour and Developmental Disabilities
    • Foundations in Kinesiology
    • Health of Individuals with Disabilities (graduate)
    • Studies in Kinesiology (graduate)
    • Kinesiology Research to Practice
    • Health Promotion and Healthy Active Living
    • Selected Topics in Physical Activity and Health
  • Publications

    For a comprehensive list of publications, visit PubMed.

    * Student of M. Lloyd’s
    *Elliott, L.K., Weiss, J.A. & Lloyd, M. (2023). Early motor skill interventions for children with autism; secondary effects on parents and families. European Journal of Adapted Physical Activity, 16,10.
    *Abu Itham, M., Kerpan, S., Balogh, R. & Lloyd, M. (2023). Parent Descriptions of the Active Play Behaviours of their Twins and Triplets with Autism. Adapted Physical Activity             Quarterly,40(4), 739-757.
    Lloyd, M., Temple, V.A., Foley, J.T., Yeatman, S., Lunsky, Y., Huang, A., Balogh, R. (2023). Young Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities who Participate in Special Olympics are Less Likely to be Diagnosed with Depression. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 58, 1699-1708.
    Jenkins, M., Lustosa, L., Chia, V., *Wildish, S., Tan, M., Hornweg, D., Lloyd, M., Dogra, S. (2022). What Do We Know About Pedal Assist E-Bikes?: A Scoping Review to Inform Future Directions. Transport Policy, 128, p. 25-37.
    Lloyd, M., Dobranowski, K., Cheng, S.Y., Temple, V.A., Foley, J.T., Lunsky, Y., Lin, E., Balogh, R. (2022). Matching Special Olympics Registration Data with Administrative Health Databases: Feasibility and Health Status Differences. Disability and Health Journal(15), 3, p. 1-8. 
    Temple, V.A., Rintala, P., Zeitz, S., Lloyd, M., & Foley, J.T. (2022). Age and sex-based differences in functional strength of adults participating in Special Olympics. European Journal of Adapted Physical Activity,15, 5;
    Bremer, E. & Lloyd, M. (2021). Baseline behaviour moderates movement skill intervention outcomes among young children with autism spectrum disorder. Autism,25(5). p.1-9. doi: 10.1177/13623613211009347
    *Elliott, L.K, Weiss, J. & Lloyd, M. (2021). Beyond the motor domain: exploring the secondary effects of a fundamental motor skill intervention for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 38(2), p. 195-214.
    *Seto, K., Lloyd, M., Chan, V., Chung, H. Fung, F. Balogh, R. (2021). Traumatic Brain Injury Incidence in Adults with Intellectual & Developmental Disabilities. Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences,48(3), 392-399. DOI:
    Goncin, N., Linares, A., Lloyd, M., & Dogra, S. (2020).  Engaging in exercise leads to a decrease in MVPA and an increase in sedentary behaviour among older adults.  Aging Clinical and Experimental Research ,32(12), 2517-2527.   
    Balogh, R., Leonard, H., Bourke, J., Brameld, K., Downs, J., Hansen, M., Glasson, E., Lin, E., Lloyd, M., Yunksy, Y., O’Donnell, M., Shooshtari, S., Wong, K., Krahn, G. (2019). Data              Linkage: Canadian and Australian Perspectives on a Valuable Methodology for Intellectual and Developmental Disability Research Journal Intellectual and Developmental Disability, 577(5), p. 439-462.
    O’Neill, C, Russell, M., Balogh, R., Lloyd, M., & Dogra, S. (2019). Asthma Prevalence and Control Levels among Special Olympics Athletes, and Asthma-Related Knowledge of their Coaches. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research,63(4), 338-345. 
    Longmuir, P.E., Woodruff, S.J., Boyer, C., Lloyd, M., & Tremblay, M.S. (2018). Physical Literacy Knowledge Questionnaire: Feasibility, validity and reliability for Canadian children aged 8 to 12. BMC Public Health, 18(Supl), 1035, 19-30. 
    Rozak, K., Foley, J.T., MacDonald. C., Bryan, R., Lloyd., M., Temple, V. A., (2018). Physical Activity Frequency of Special Olympic Athletes Ages 8-18 Across Economic Status. European Journal of Adapted Physical Activity,10(2), 14-19.
    Dobranowski, K., Lloyd, M., Côté, P., Balogh, R. (2018). Validity of self-reported height and weight to derive BMI in adults participating in Special Olympics. Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 1-4.
    Lloyd, M., Foley, J.T., & Temple, V.A. (2018). Maximizing the use of Special Olympics International's Healthy Athletes Database: A Call to Action. Research in Developmental Disabilities. 73, 58–66.  
    Dobranowski, K., Lloyd, M., Côté, P., Balogh, R. (2018). Validity of proxy-reported height and weight to derive BMI in adults participating in Special Olympics. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities,31(supp. 1), 136-143.
    Santarossa, S., Temple, V. A., Rintala., P., Lloyd. M., DeMarco, B., John T. Foley. (2017). Muscular Strength of Adult Special Olympians by Country Economic Status. European Journal of Adapted Physical Activity,10(1), p 10-16.
    Foley, J.T., Lloyd, M., Turner, L., Temple, V.A. (2017). Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference of Adults with Intellectual Disability Participating in Special Olympics in Latin America. Salud Pública de México, 59, 1-7.  
    *Guest, L., Balogh, R., Dogra, S., & Lloyd, M. (2017). Examining the Impact of a Multi-Sport Skills Camp for Girls Ages 8-11 with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, LI(2), pp. 109–126. 
    Rintala, P., Temple, V.A., Lloyd, M., Faro, C. & Foley, J.T. (2017). Association of poverty and social exclusion with Body Mass Index among Special Olympics athletes in Europe.  International Journal of Public Health, 62, 921-928.
    *Kassee, C., Hunt, C. Holmes, M. & Lloyd, M. (2017) Nintendo Wii versus resistance training to improve upperlimb function in children ages 7 to 12 with spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy: a home-based, explorative study. Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine,10, 145-154. DOI: 10.3233/PRM-170439
    *Jones, S., *Bremer, E., & Lloyd, M. (2017) Autism spectrum disorder: Family quality of life while waiting for intervention services Quality of Life Research 26(2) p 331-342.
    *Bremer, E., *Crozier, M. & Lloyd, M. (2016). A systematic review of the behavioural outcomes following exercise interventions for children and youth with autism spectrum disorder. Autism, p. 1-17.
    *Bremer, E., & Lloyd, M. (2016). School-based fundamental motor skill intervention for children with autism-like characteristics: A preliminary case study. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly,33(1). p 66-88.  
    Longmuir PE, Boyer C, Lloyd M., Borghese MM, Knight E, Saunders TJ, Boiarskaia E, Zhu  W, & Tremblay MS. (2017).  Canadian Agility and Movement Skill Assessment of Motor Skill: Validity, Objectivity and Reliability Evidence for Children 8 to 12 Years of Age. Journal of Sport and Health Sciences,6. p. 231-240. 
    Temple, V.A., Foley, J.T., & Lloyd, M. (2015). Body Mass Index of Adult Special Olympians by Country Economic Status. Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities,12(4), p 235-245.
    Longmuir, PE., Boyer, C., Lloyd, M., Yang, Y., Boiarskaia, E., Zhu, W, Tremblay, M.S. (2015) The Canadian Assessment of Physical Literacy: Methods for children in grades 4 to 6 (8 to 12 years). BMC Public Health, 15, 767.
    Francis, C.E., Longmuir, P.E., Boyer, C., Belanger, P., Anderson, L.B., Barnes, J.D., Boiarskais, E., Cairney, J., Corbin, C.B., Faigenbaum, A.D., Faulkner, G., Hands, B.P., Hay, J.A., Janssen, I., Katzmarzyk, P.T., Kemper, H.C.G., Knudson, D., Lloyd, M., McKenzie, T.L., Olds, T.S., Sacheck, J.M., Shephard, R.J., Stodden, D.F., Zhu, W., Tremblay, M.S. (2016, published online 2015). Developing a physical literacy model to establish item, factor and domain weighting with the Canadian assessment of physical literacy: A delphi process. Journal of Physical Activity and Health,13, 214-222.  
    *Thompson, A.M.E., Chow, S., Vey, C., & Lloyd, M. (2015). Effects of Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy in Children Aged 5-9 Years with Spastic Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy: A Day Camp Model. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 27(1), 72-80. DOI:10.1097/PEP.0000000000000111
    *Bremer, E., Balogh, R. & Lloyd, M. (2015 – published online 2014). Effectiveness of a fundamental motor skill intervention for 4 year old children with autism spectrum disorder: A pilot study. Autism, 19(8), 980-991.
    Lloyd, M., Foley, J.T., Temple, V.A. (2014). Body Mass Index of Children and Youth With an Intellectual Disability by Country Economic Status. Preventive Medicine, 69, 197-201.
    *Bremer, E., & Lloyd, M. (2014). The importance of fundamental motor skill proficiency for physical activity in elementary school age old females. PHEnex, 6(2), 1-12.
    Foley, J.T., Lloyd, M., Vogl, D., & Temple, V.A. (2014). Obesity Trends of 8-18 year old Special Olympians:  2005-2010. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 35(705-710).  
    Lloyd, M., Saunders, T.J., *Bremer, E., Tremblay, M.S. (2014). Long-term importance of Fundamental Motor Skills: A 20 year follow-up study. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 31, 67-78.
    Foley, J.T., Lloyd, M., Temple, V.A. (2013) Body Mass Index trends among adult United States Special Olympians, 2005 – 2010. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 30, 373-386.
    Boyer C., Tremblay M.S., Saunders T.J., McFarlane A., Borghese M., Lloyd M., & Longmuir P.E. (2013). Feasibility, validity and reliability of the plank isometric hold as a field-based assessment of muscular endurance for children 8 to 12 years of age. Pediatric Exercise Science, 25, 407-422.
    Temple, V.A., Foley, J.T., & Lloyd, M. (2014). Body Mass Index of Adults with Intellectual Disability by World Region. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research,58(3), 277-284.
    Lloyd, M., & Temple, V.A. & Foley, J.T. (2012). International BMI comparison of children and youth with intellectual disabilities participating in Special Olympics. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 33(6), 1708-1714.
    Lloyd, M., MacDonald, M. & Lord, C. (2013, published on line 2011). Motor skills of toddlers with autism spectrum disorder. Autism, 17(2), 133-150.      
    Larouche, R., Lloyd, M., Knight, E., & Tremblay, M.S. (2011). Relationship between active school transport and body mass index in Grades 4-6 children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 23, 322-330.
    Ulrich, D.A., Burghardt, A.R., Lloyd, M., Tiernan, C., Hornyak, J. (2011). Physical Activity Benefits of Learning to Ride a Two Wheel Bicycle in Children with Down Syndrome. Physical Therapy,91(10), 1463-77. 
    Lloyd, M., Colley, R. & Tremblay, M. (2010). Advancing the debate on fitness testing for children: Perhaps we’re riding the wrong animal. Pediatric Exercise Science, 22(2), 176-182. 
    Tremblay, M. & Lloyd, M. (2010). Physical literacy measurement – The missing piece. Physical and Health Education Journal, 76(1), 26-30.
    Lloyd, M., Burghardt, A., & Ulrich, D.A., Angulo-Barroso, R.M. (2010).  Physical activity and walking onset in infants with Down syndrome. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 27(1), 1-16. 
    Angulo-Barroso, R.M., Burghardt, A., Lloyd, M., Ulrich, D.A. (2008).  Physical activity in infants with Down syndrome receiving a treadmill intervention. Infant Behavior and Development, 31(2), 255-269. 
    Ulrich, D.A., Lloyd, M., Tiernan, C., Looper, J., Angulo-Barroso, R.M. (2008).  The Effects of Intensity of Treadmill Training on Developmental Outcomes and Stepping in Infants with Down Syndrome. Physical Therapy, 88(1) 114-122.
    Lloyd, M., Reid, G., & Bouffard, M. (2006).  Self-Regulation of Sport Specific and Educational Problem-Solving Tasks by Boys With and Without DCD.  Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 23(4), 370-389.  
    Reid, G., O’Connor, J., & Lloyd, M. (2003).  The autism spectrum disorders:  Physical activity instruction – Part III.  Palaestra, 19(2), 20-26,47-48.
  • Graduate student research
    • Master of Health Science (MHSc) thesis supervisor for Emily Bremer (2014) – Working title: Investigating a Motor Skill Intervention for Preschool Age Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
    • Master of Health Science (MHSc) thesis supervisor for Ashley Thompson (2013) – Working title: Constraint-induced Movement Therapy as Rehabilitation for Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Day Camp Model.
  • Grants

    Special Olympics Canada Research Grant
    Planning and Dissemination Grant: Special Olympics Ontario and ICES data linkage
    Principle Investigator: M. Lloyd
    Co-Investigator: R. Balogh 
    Amount: $33,000

    Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC)
    Partnership Development Grant
    Building knowledge and understanding of the intersection of race and disability in accessing pediatric rehabilitation services
    Co-Directors: M. Lloyd and T. Eickmeier
    Co-Investigators: R. Balogh, L. Jacobs, M. Basaran, Y. Mais, J. Auguste
    Amount: $200,000

    Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC)
    Insight Grant
    Motor Skill intervention for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A 5-year follow up
    Principle Investigator: M. Lloyd
    Co-Investigators: V.A. Temple and J.T. Foley
    Amount: $134,460

    Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC)
    Insight Development Grant
    Opening Spaces: The Pedagogy of Inclusive PHE and Sport
    Principle Investigator: W. Barber
    Co-Investigators: L. Robertson, W. Watters
    ollaborators: M. Lloyd, S. Kerpan, I. Brown, M. Davis, S. Galea, E. Glossop, D. Robinson, C. Temertzoglou, J. Thomas, S. White.
    Amount: $70,000 

    Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC)
    Knowledge Synthesis Grants
    Informing Inclusive E-Bike Policy and Infrastructure Development
    Principle Investigator: S. Dogra
    Co-Investigators: M. Lloyd, & D. Hoornweg
    Amount: $30,000

    Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC)
    Institutional Small Grants Program
    Community-based Motor Skill Intervention for Children with ASD: Pilot Study
    Principle Investigator: M. Lloyd
    Amount: $4,904.83

    Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC)
    Insight Grants
    Motor Skill Intervention for 3-5 year old Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
    Principle Investigator: M. Lloyd
    Co-Investigator: V. Temple & J. Weiss
    Amount: $112,391 

    Canadian Foundation of Innovation – John R. Evans Fund
    Ministry of Research and Innovation – ORF-RI
    The Sport & Physical Activity Research Collaborative (SPARC) facility at UOIT
    Principle Investigator: N. Wattie
    Co-Investigator: M. Lloyd
    mount: $123,653

    Special Olympics Canada Research Grant|
    Linking Special Olympics Ontario registration data with ICES health databases to better understand the health of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities – Additional funds
    Co- Principle Investigators: R. Balogh & M. Lloyd 
    Amount: $7,500 

    Special Olympics Canada Research Grant
    Impact of Special Olympics Active Start and FUNdamentals programs on motor skills.
    Principle Investigator: M. Lloyd